Diagnosing Diabetic Eye Disease:

May 17, 2018

What Is Diabetic Eye Disease?

Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of this disease. All can cause severe vision loss or even blindness.  Diabetic eye disease may include: 

Diabetic retinopathy -- damage to the blood vessels in the retina. 

Cataract --   clouding of the eye's lens. 

Glaucoma -- increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision.  Cataract and glaucoma also affect many people who do not have diabetes.  

What Is the Most Common Diabetic Eye Disease?

Diabetic retinopathy. This disease is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. In some people with diabetic retinopathy, retinal blood vessels may swell and leak fluid. In others, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina. These changes may result in vision loss or blindness.

What Can You Do to Protect Your Vision?

Finding and treating the disease early, before it causes vision loss or blindness, is the best way to control diabetic eye disease. So, if you have diabetes, make sure you get a dilated eye examination at least twice a year.

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